谁是严复

Yan Fu严复( 1854-1921 )原名宗光,字又陵,后改名复,字几道,汉族,福建侯官(后并入闽县,称为闽侯,今福州市)人。曾担任过京师大学堂译局总办、北京大学校长、上海复旦公学校长、安庆高等师范学堂校长,清朝学部名辞馆总编辑。他是中国现代史上伟大的启蒙思想家,翻译家和教育家,是中国近代史上向西方国家寻找真理的“先进的中国人” (毛泽东语)之一。严复系统地将西方的社会学、政治学、政治经济学、哲学和自然科学介绍到中国,他的译著是中国20世纪最重要启蒙译著。严复的翻译考究、严谨,每个译称都经深思熟虑,他提出的“信、达、雅”的翻译标准对后世的翻译工作产生深远影响。他翻译了亚当•斯密,赫胥黎,约翰•斯图亚特,斯宾塞等人的著作到中国。他认为西方的财富和强大不仅在于西方的技术进步,而在于其背后思想、制度与文化的支撑。他同时也是一个文化传统主义者并坚定地认为中国的传统文化和哲学能够有效地抵消现代资本主义不受约束的贪婪。 1877年到1879年,严复等被公派到英国留学,先入普茨茅斯大学,后转到格林威治海军学院。留学期间,严复对英国的社会政治发生兴趣,涉猎了大量资产阶级政治学术理论,并且尤为赞赏达尔文的进化论观点。 严复在中国古典文学,诗歌和书法艺术上也造诣极高。他的西方著作的译本对当时和后来对中国知识分子影响很大。

The timeline of Yan Fu’s life

Date Event
8th, January, 1854 Born in Fuzhou
1867: First admitted to Fuzhou Naval Yard School
1877: Yan Fu was sent to study at The Royal Naval College, London. Fellow students included Sa Zhenbin, Liu Buchan, Lin Yongsheng and Ye Zugui
1879: Returned to Fuzhou Naval Yard School as a teacher and later transferred to Tianjin Beiyang Naval College as a head teacher.
1890: Appointed the Principal of the Tianjin Beiyang Naval College
1894: The first Sino-Japanese War broke out
1895: Published a series of articles in Zhi newspaper in Tianjing to analyse why China failed at the war and to call for reform
1896: Began translating Thomas Henry Huxley’s Evolution and Ethics into Chinese and published this in 1898. He coined the phrase – “Survival of fittest” in Chinese and warned China would collapse if it continued to reject reform.
1902: Compiled and published the Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nation at the Translation Bureau of the Imperial University of Beijing
1903: Published the translation of Herbert Spencer’s The Study of Sociology and John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty
1904: Met Sun Yat-sen in London and discussed matters on the Chinese Revolution
1906: Appointed as the Principal of Anhui Teacher College and took the presidency of Shanghai Fudan Public School (the predecessor of Fudan University)
1912: Appointed as the first President of Peking University
1918: Returned to his hometown in Fujian and settled in Fuzhou Langguan Xiang
1921: Passed away in Fuzhou
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